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- Published: Monday, 30 May 2016 13:12
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The sociological approach toward social problems is different from other approaches because it focuses on the consciousness of an individual. It is also different because it aims at building the awareness that a person’s interaction with the society is often affected by forces beyond the control of a single individual. In one of our textbooks, Leon-Guerrero (2010) stated that sociology provides us with the explanation that self-consciousness is the awareness that structurally forces or socially forces the shape of our experiences. A sociological perspective that gained prominence in the 1960’s known as “social constructivism” explained that some social problems are considered more significant than others. This social perspective states that issues in the society become real when they are viewed as problematic (Leon-Guerrero, 2010). There are conditions or situations that exist in the society and may cause problems, but they are only considered to be significant when humanity perceives them in that way, and they need fixing.
Abortion is a major social problem in the society in this current age and time. Abortion is the one of the oldest debated and controversial subjects in the world. According to Finer & Zolna, abortion is the obliteration of the fetus while the baby is still in the mother’s womb before term (2014). It is a problem that can be measured statistically and in the United States of American, for instance, about 50% of pregnancies are not intended and 4 in 10 of these end up in abortion (according to http://topwritingreviews.com/our_mission). The problem is increasing, and more teens and young women get pregnant unintentionally. The rise in the cases of teen pregnancies is pushing the number of abortions up since this group (teenagers) feels they are not ready and want to hide their mistakes from the society and especially their family. There are many women who had abortions and have come to regret their choices for the rest of their lives.
There are several ways in which the problem of abortion is addressed currently. One way is through sensitization and creating awareness to the public about contraceptives or popularly known as “family planning methods” to prevent unintended pregnancies. In many parts of the world, youth and mostly teenagers engage in unprotected sex and have a high risk of getting unintended pregnancies. Although it is surrounded by many ethical issues, the use of contraceptives has the potential to prevent unintended pregnancies and as a result, prevent abortions in the society.
The textbook gives many concepts about social problems. One relevant concept is the social class and poverty concept. Abortion is more prevalent in the social classes that are more prone to unintended pregnancies that are usually the poor in the society. Second is that educational background affects abortions because the less educated tend to be unaware of better ways to prevent pregnancies through contraception. Third, ethnicity is an important concept when it comes to abortion. Lastly, marital status affects abortions because unmarried women (or those who do not have stable relationships with the baby’s father) are more likely to procure abortions.
These concepts mentioned in the previous paragraph help sociologists to understand the problem of abortion and to use that knowledge to find solutions to the social problem of abortion. Social class and poverty could be solved by improving equality and hopefully improved education will help to reduce unintended pregnancies. These concepts could be used as parameters in forming policies that help in preventing abortions in the society.